Wells JM, SE Crow, CA Sierra, JL Deenik, KM Carlson, MN Meki, J Kiniry. Edaphic controls of soil organic carbon in tropical agricultural landscapes. Scientific Reports 12: 21574.

Carlson KM, Mora C, J Xu, RO Setter, M Harangody, EC Franklin, M Kantar, M Lucas, ZM Menzo, D Spirandelli, D Schanzenbach, CC Warr, AE Wong, and S Businger. 2022. Global rainbow distribution under current and future climates. Global Environmental Change 77: 102604.

Gollnow F, F Cammelli, KM Carlson, and RD Garrett. 2022. Gaps in adoption and implementation limit the current and potential effectiveness of zero-deforestation supply chain policies for soy. Environmental Research Letters 17(11): 114003.

Villoria, ND, RD Garrett, F Gollnow, and KM Carlson. 2022. Leakage does not fully offset soy supply-chain efforts to reduce deforestation in Brazil. Nature Communications 13: 5476.

Bishop K and KM Carlson. 2022. The role of third-party audits in ensuring producer compliance with the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil (RSPO) certification system. Environmental Research Letters 17(9): 094038.


Kato A, KM Carlson, and T Miura. Assessing the inter-annual variability of vegetation phenological events observed from satellite vegetation index time series in dryland sites. Ecological Indicators 130: 108042.

Austin KG, R Heilmayr, JJ Benedict, DN Burns, M Eggen, H Grantham, A Greenbury, JK Hill, CN Jenkins, MS Luskin, T Manurung, LV Rasmussen, G Rosoman, B Rudorff, M Satar, C Smith, and KM Carlson. Mapping and monitoring zero-deforestation commitments. BioScience 71(10); 1079-1090.

Zhang W, C Qian, KM Carlson, X Ge, X Wang, X Chen. 2021. Increasing farm size to improve energy use efficiency and sustainability in maize production. Food and Energy Security 10: e271.

Santika T, KA Wilson, EA Law, FAV St. John, KM Carlson, HK Gibbs, CL Morgans, M Ancrenaz, E Meijaard, and MJ Struebig. 2021. Impact of palm oil sustainability certification on village well-being and poverty in Indonesia. Nature Sustainability 4: 109-119. [Cover article]


Meijaard E, T Brooks, KM Carlson, EM Slade, JG Ulloa, DLA Gaveau, JSH Lee, T Santika, D Juffe-Bignoli, MJ Struebig, SA Wich, M Ancrenaz, LP Koh, N Zamira, JF Abrams, HHT Prins, CN Sendashonga, D Murdiyarso, PR Furumo, N Macfarlane, R Hoffmann, M Persio, A Descals, Z Szantoi, and D Sheil. 2020. The environmental impacts of palm oil in context. Nature Plants 6: 1418-1426.

Lee JSH, DA Miteva, KM Carlson, R Heilmayr, and O Saif. 2020. Does oil palm certification create trade-offs between environment and development in Indonesia? Environmental Research Letters 15: 124064.

Saunois M, … , KM Carlson, et al. 2020. The global methane budget 2000-2017. Earth System Science Data 12: 1561-1623.

Heilmayr R, KM Carlson, and JJ Benedict. 2020. Deforestation spillovers from oil palm sustainability certification. Environmental Research Letters 15: 075002.

Kelley LC, NL Peluso, KM Carlson, and S Afiff. 2020. Circular labor migration and land-livelihood dynamics in Southeast Asia’s concession landscapes. Journal of Rural Studies 73: 21-33.

Jia X, A Khandelwal, KM Carlson, JS Gerber, PC West, LH Samberg, and V Kumar. 2020. Automated Plantation Mapping in Southeast Asia Using MODIS Data and Imperfect Visual Annotations. Remote Sensing 12:636.


Jia X, A Khandelwal, KM Carlson, JS Gerber, PC West, and V Kumar. 2019. Plantation mapping in Southeast Asia. Frontiers in Big Data 2: 00046.

Scriven SA, KM Carlson, J Hodgson, CJ McClean, R Heilmayr, JM Lucey, and JK Hill. 2019. Testing the benefits of conservation set-asides for improved habitat connectivity in tropical agricultural landscapes. Journal of Applied Ecology 56: 2274-2285.

Fan Y, A Meijide, DM Lawrence, O Roupsard, KM Carlson, H Chen, A Röll, F Niu, and A Knohl. 2019. Reconciling canopy interception parameterization and forcing frequency in CLM for simulating evapotranspiration of a rainforest to oil palm transformation system. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems 11: 732-751.

Smith WK, E Nelson, JA Johnson, S Polasky, JC Milder, JS Gerber, PC West, S Siebert, KA Brauman, KM Carlson, M Arbuthnot, JP Rozza, and DN Pennington. 2019. Voluntary sustainability standards could significantly reduce detrimental impacts of global agriculture. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 116:2130-2137.

Garrett RD, S Levy, KM Carlson, TA Gardner, J Godar, J Clapp, P Dauvergne, R Heilmayr, Y le Polain de Waroux, B Ayre, R Barr, B Dovre, HK Gibbs, S Hall, S Lake, J Milder, LL Rausch, R Rivero, X Rueda, R Sarsfield, B Soares-Filho and N Villoria. 2019. Criteria for effective zero-deforestation commitments. Global Environmental Change 54:135-147.


Springmann M, M Clark, D Mason-D’Croz, K Wiebe, BL Bodirsky, L Lassaletta, W de Vries, SJ Vermeulen, M Herrero, KM Carlson, M Jonell, M Troell, F DeClerck, LJ Gordon, R Zurayk, P Scarborough, M Rayner, B Loken, J Fanzo, HCJ Godfray, D Tilman, J Rockström, and W Willett. 2018. Options for keeping the food system within environmental limits. Nature 562:519-525.

Meijaard E, J Garcia-Ulloa, D Sheil, KM Carlson, SA Wich, D Juffe-Bignoli, and TM Brooks. 2018. Oil Palm and Biodiversity: A Situation Analysis by the IUCN Oil Palm Task Force. IUCN Oil Palm Task Force, Gland, Switzerland: IUCN. doi: 10.2305/IUCN.CH.2018.11.en

Zuo L, Z Zhang, KM Carlson, GK MacDonald, KA Brauman, Y Liu, W Zhang, H Zhang, W Wu, X Zhao, X Wang, B Liu, L Yi, Q Wen, F Liu, J Xu, S Hu, F Sun, JS Gerber, and PC West. 2018. Progress toward sustainable intensification in China challenged by land-use change. Nature Sustainability 1: 304-313.

O’Connell CS, KM Carlson, S Cuadra, KJ Feeley, JS Gerber, PC West, and S Polasky. 2018. Balancing tradeoffs: Reconciling multiple environmental goals when ecosystem services vary regionally. Environmental Research Letters 13: 064008.

Lambin EF, HK Gibbs, R Heilmayr, KM Carlson, L Fleck, R Garrett, Y le Polain de Waroux, C McDermott, D McLaughlin, P Newton, C Nolte, P Pacheco, L Rausch, C Streck, T Thorlakson, and N Walker. 2018. The role of supply-chain initiatives in reducing deforestation. Nature Climate Change 8: 109-116.

Carlson KM*, R Heilmayr*, HK Gibbs, P Noojipady, DN Burns, DC Morton, NF Walker, G Paoli, and C Kremen. 2018. Effect of oil palm sustainability certification on deforestation and fire in Indonesia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 115: 121-126. *denotes equal contribution. [cover article]

Carlson KM and RD Garrett. Environmental Impacts of Tropical Soybean and Palm Oil Crops. 2018. Oxford Encyclopedia of Agriculture and the Environment. Ed. Hank Shugart. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Environmental Science: Feb 2018.


Noojipady P, DC Morton, W Schroeder, KM Carlson, C Huang, HK Gibbs, D Burns, NF Walker, SD Prince. 2017. Managing fire risk during drought: the influence of certification and El Niño on fire-driven forest conversion for oil palm in Southeast Asia. Earth System Dynamics 8:749-771.

Wells J, S Crow, N Meki, CA Sierra, KM Carlson, A Youkhana, DT Richardson and L Deem. 2017. Maximizing Soil Carbon Sequestration: Assessing Procedural Barriers to Carbon Management in Cultivated Tropical Perennial Grass Systems. Recent Advances in Carbon Capture and Storage. Ed. Yongseung Yun. (InTech). doi: 10.5772/66741

Carlson KM, JS Gerber, ND Mueller, M Herrero, GK MacDonald, KA Brauman, P Havlik, CS O’Connell, JA Johnson, S Saatchi, and PC West. 2017. Greenhouse gas emissions intensity of global croplands. Nature Climate Change 7: 63-68.

Jia X, A Khandelwal, G Nayak, JS Gerber, KM Carlson, PC West, and V Kumar. 2017. Predict land covers with transition modeling and incremental learning. Proceedings of the 2017 Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics International Conference on Data Mining: 171-179.


Jia X, A Khandelwal, JS Gerber, KM Carlson, PC West, and V Kumar. 2016. Learning large-scale plantation mapping from imperfect annotators. IEEE International Conference on Big Data: 1192-1201.

Ponette-González AG, LM Curran, AM Pittman, KM Carlson, BG Steele, D Ratnasari, Mugiman, and KC Weathers. 2016. Biomass burning drives atmospheric nutrient redistribution within forested peatlands in Borneo. Environmental Research Letters 11:085003

Gerber JS, KM Carlson, D Makowski, ND Mueller, IG de Cortazar-Atauri, P Havlik, M Herrero, M Launay, CS O’Connell, P Smith, and PC West. 2016. Spatially explicit estimates of N2O emissions from croplands suggest climate mitigation opportunities from improved fertilizer management. Global Change Biology 22:3383-3394.

Garrett RD*, KM Carlson*, X Rueda, and P Noojipady. 2016. Assessing the potential additionality of certification by the Round table on Responsible Soybeans and the Roundtable on Sustainable Palm Oil. Environmental Research Letters 11:045003. *denotes equal contribution.


Carlson KM, LK Goodman, and CC May-Tobin. 2015. Modeling relationships between water table depth and soil carbon loss in Southeast Asian plantations. Environmental Research Letters 10:074006.

Carlson KM, LM Curran, AG Ponette-González, D Ratnasari, Ruspita, N Lisnawati, Y Purwanto, KA Brauman, and PA Raymond. 2015. Consistent results in stream hydrology across watersheds: A reply to Chew and Goh. Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences 120:812-817.

MacDonald GK, KA Brauman, S Sun, KM Carlson, ES Cassidy, JS Gerber, and PC West. 2015. Rethinking Agricultural Trade Relationships in an Era of Globalization. BioScience 65:275-289.


Meyfroidt P, KM Carlson, ME Fagan, VH Gutiérrez-Vélez, MN Macedo,  LM Curran, RS DeFries, GA Dyer, HK Gibbs, EF Lambin, DC Morton, and V Robiglio. 2014. Multiple pathways of commodity crop expansion in tropical forest landscapes. Environmental  Research Letters 9:074012.

West PC, Gerber JS, Engstrom PM, Mueller ND, Brauman KA, Carlson KM, Cassidy ES, Johnston M, MacDonald GK, Ray DK, and Siebert S. 2014. Leverage points for improving global food security and the environment. Science 345:325-328.

Carlson KM, LM Curran, AG Ponette-González, D Ratnasari, Ruspita, N Lisnawati, Y Purwanto, KA Brauman, and PA Raymond. 2014. Influence of watershed-climate interactions on stream temperature, sediment yield, and metabolism along a land-use intensity gradient in Indonesian Borneo. Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences 119:1110-1128.


Pittman AM, KM Carlson, LM Curran, and AG Ponette-González. 2013. NASA Satellite Data Used to Study the Impact of Oil Palm Expansion Across Indonesian Borneo. The Earth Observer 25:12-15.

Carlson KM, and LM Curran. 2013. Refined carbon accounting for oil palm agriculture: disentangling potential contributions of indirect emissions and smallholder farmers. Carbon Management 4:347-349.

Carlson KM, LM Curran, GP Asner, AM Pittman, SN Trigg, and JM Adeney. 2013. Carbon emissions from forest conversion by Kalimantan oil palm plantations, 1990-2020. Nature Climate Change 3: 283-287.


Carlson KM, LM Curran, D Ratnasari, AM Pittman, BS Soares-Filho, GP Asner, SN Trigg, DLA Gaveau, D Lawrence, and HO Rodrigues. 2012. Committed carbon emissions, deforestation, and community land conversion from oil palm plantation expansion in West Kalimantan, Indonesia. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 109:7559-7564.

Gaveau DLA, LM Curran, GD Paoli, KM Carlson, P Wells, A Besse-Rimba, D Ratnasari, and N Leader-Williams. 2012. Examining protected area effectiveness in Sumatra: importance of regulations governing unprotected lands. Conservation Letters 5:142-148.


Paoli GD, KM Carlson, A Hooijer, SE Page, LM Curran, PL Wells, R Morrison, J Jauhiainen, AM Pittman, D Gilbert, and D Lawrence. 2011. Policy perils of ignoring uncertainty in oil palm research. PNAS 108:E218-E218.


Carlson KM, and LM Curran. 2009. REDD pilot project scenarios: are costs and benefits altered by spatial scale? Environmental Research Letters 4:031003.


Asner GP, KM Carlson, and DE Knapp. 2008. LBA-ECO LC-18 Hyperion 30-m Surface Reflectance, Mato Grosso, Brazil: July 2004. Oak Ridge National Laboratory Distributed Active Archive Center.


Carlson KM, GP Asner, RF Hughes, R Ostertag, and RE Martin. 2007. Hyperspectral remote sensing of canopy biodiversity in Hawaiian lowland rainforests. Ecosystems 10:536-549.


Asner GP, RE Martin, KM Carlson, U Rascher, and PM Vitousek. 2006. Vegetation-climate interactions among native and invasive species in Hawaiian rainforest. Ecosystems 9:1106-1117.


Asner GP, KM Carlson, and RE Martin. 2005. Substrate age and precipitation effects on Hawaiian forest canopies from spaceborne imaging spectroscopy. Remote Sensing of Environment 98:457-467.